The process of receiving and using information is the process of our living effectively within that environment.
--Norbert Wiener

  Ivan Sutherland

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Ivan Sutherland's 1963 thesis at MIT/Lincoln Lab, "Sketchpad: A Man-Machine Graphical Communications System," was the revolutionary work in computer graphics, object-oriented programming, and computer-assisted design. His fellow graduate students there included Larry Roberts and Len Kleinrock.

After Sutherland left Lincoln Lab he joined the U. S. Army, doing computer research for the top-secret National Security Agency. In 1964 he succeeded J. C. R. Licklider at the Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO). Sutherland continued the IPTO in the same directions as Licklider in his short tenure, funding people from Doug Engelbart to his friend Larry Roberts. He tried to get a networking project off the ground to connect the main computers at UCLA: medical, engineering, and administration. The project didnít go anywhere as the various departments had no interest in sharing control or power. By 1965, Sutherland brought Robert Taylor from NASA as deputy director. When he left in 1966 to teach at Harvard, Taylor took over as director of the IPTO. In 1968 Sutherland left Harvard to teach at University of Utah, where he joined Dave Evans as the grand deans of computer graphics. He also became a member of Alan Kay's thesis committee.

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